List of Different Civil Engineering Tests

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Every civil engineer is required to do a lot of tests that includes tests on almost all of the construction materials. Here is a List of Different Civil Engineering Tests that is generally required on all civil engineering construction works:

List of Different Civil Engineering Tests

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AGGREGATE TESTS:

  •       Sieve Analysis of Coarse and Fine Aggregate.
  •       Unit Weight.
  •       Specific Gravity and Water Absorption of Coarse and Fine Aggregate.
  •       Abrasion of Coarse Aggregate by Using Los- Angeles Machine.
  •       Soundness of Aggregate By Using Sodium Sulphate (Na2so4) or Magnesium Sulphate (Mgso4)
  •       Determination of Angularity Number.
  •       Material Finer Than 0.075 mm in Mineral Aggregates By Washing.
  •       Ten Percent Fines Value (TFV).
  •       Aggregate Crushing Value (ACV)
  •       Aggregate Impact Value (AIV)
  •       Flakiness Index of Coarse Aggregate( FI )
  •       Elongation Index of Coarse Aggregate (EI).
  •       Mica Content (Counting & Floatation Method)
  •       Clay Lumps in Aggregate.

SOIL TESTS:

  •       Moisture Content Test.
  •       Liquid Limit And Plastic Limit By Cone Penetration Method.
  •       Liquid Limit And Plastic Limit By Casagrande Method.
  •       Plasticity Index.
  •       Specific Gravity Test of Soil.
  •       Grain Size Analysis of Soil by Hydrometer Method.
  •       Organic Contents in Soil by Loss-On-Ignition Method.
  •       Finer Than #200 Sieve (0,075) mm (Wash Passing).

SOIL COMPACTION TESTS:

  •       Dry Density / Moisture Content Relationship (MDD), 2, 5 & 4, 5 Kg Rammer.
  •       Dry Density / Moisture Content Relationship (MDD), Vibrating Rammer.
  •       Dry Density Of Soil At Site By Sand Replacement Method.
  •       Dry Density Of Soil At Site By Core Cutter Method.
  •       Relative Density Test.
  •       California Bearing Ratio Test(CBR)

CEMENT TESTS

  •       Standard Consistency of Cement.
  •       Initial Setting Time of Cement by Vicat Apparatus.
  •       Final Setting Time of Cement by Vicat Apparatus.
  •       Soundness Test of Cement.
  •       Standard Sand for Mortar Cubes.
  •       Compressive Strength of Mortar Cubes.
  •       Density Test of Cement.
  •       Fineness Of Cement By The Sieve #100(0,150mm),#200(0,075mm)
  •       Loss on Ignition Test of Cement.

CONCRETE TESTS:

  •       Concrete Mix Design. (Laboratory Trial Mix.)
  •       Slump Test of Fresh Concrete.
  •       Air Content, Gravimetric Method.
  •       Unit Weight of Concrete.
  •       Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimen.
  •       Compressive Strength of Cubical Concrete Specimen
  •       Compressive Strength of Concrete Core Specimen.
  •       Bleeding of Fresh Concrete.
  •       Sand Patch Test.
  •       Determination of Water Requirement for Mortar Using Flow Table.
  •       Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimen in the Field.
  •       Density Test of Compacted Fresh Concrete.
  •       Density Test of Harden Concrete.
  •       Setting Time by Penetration Resistance.

ASPHALT CONCRETE TESTS:

  •       Mix Design by Marshal Method (Laboratory Trial Mix.)
  •       Bitumen Extraction Test.
  •       Sieve Analysis of Extracted Sample.
  •       Stability & Flow Test by Marshal Method.
  •       Core Sampling and Density Test of Asphalt Pavement.
  •      Binder Content Directly Determination by CH2CL2 Extraction Bottle Method.
  •       Binder Content Directly Determination by Centrifuge Extraction Bottle Method.
  •       Specific Gravity of Asphalt / Bitumen.
  •       Determination of Softening Point Of Bitumen Ring And Ball Method.
  •       Penetration Test of Bitumen.
  •       Ductility Test of Bitumen.
  •       Viscosity Test of Bitumen.
  •       Determination of Volatile and Non Volatile Matters.
  •       Determination of Solubility of Bituminous Materials.
  •       Loss on Heating of Oil and Asphaltic Compounds.
  •       Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup.
  •       Striping test of Bitumen Aggregates

CHEMICAL TESTS:

  •       Determination of Chloride Content of Aggregate by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Chloride Content of Water by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Chloride Content of PFA by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Sulphate Content of Aggregate by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Sulphate Content of Aggregate by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Sulphate Content of Aggregate by Gravimetric Method.
  •       Determination of Chloride Content of Cement by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Determination of Sulphate Content of Cement by Acid Extraction Method.
  •       Organic Impurities Test of Aggregates.
  •       Field Settling Test.

STEEL (DEFORMED BAR) TESTS:

  •       Unit Weight Test.
  •       Tension (Ultimate/Yield Strength) Test.
  •      Elongation Test.
  •       Bend Test.
  •       Physical Properties Test.

ADDITIONAL TESTS: 

  • The lateral movement of foundation Soils due to embankment loading shall be measured by the Inclinometer
  • Monitoring of changes in pore water pressures in the foundation in response to embankment                        
  • Construction by the Vibrating Wire Piezometer (VWP)
  • Mohr’s Hardness Test of Coarse Aggregates
  • Mill Abrasion Test Value of Coarse Aggregates.
  • Degraded Aggregates Cement Value Test
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