Q-1: What are the types of rock?

Answer: Rock are of three types– 1.Metamorphic rock 2. Igneous Rock 3.Sedimentary Rocks

Q-2: Define Soil.

Answer: Soil is a natural mixture of different constituents like organic matter,gases, liquids and minerals.

Q-3: What are the constituents of soil?

Answer: Organic mater,gases,liquids, minerals like quartz, silica and rock weathered compounds.

Q-4: Define Specific Gravity.

Answer: Specific gravity of soil is defined as the ratio of the unit weight of soil to the ratio of the unit weight of water at the same temperature.

Q-5: What is the dividing sieve between Coarse aggregate and Fine Aggregate?

Answer: 4.75 mm Sieve

Q-6: What is the Effective Size of soil?

Answer: The soil grain diameter that is 10% finer in particle size distribution curve is termed as effective size of the soil.

Q-7: Define Uniformity Co-efficient(Cu).

Answer: Uniformity Coefficient is defined as the ration of the particle diameter of 60% finer and 10% finer in the particle size distribution curve.

Q-8: Define Co-efficient of Gradation(Cc)

Q-9: What is Void Ratio?

Answer- Void Ratio is defined as the ration of volume of voids to the volume of soil mass in a soil sample.

Q-10: Define Porosity.

Answer: Porosity (n) is defined as the ratio of volume of voids to the volume of soil mass in a soil sample.

Q-11: What is Degree of Saturation (S)?

Answer: Degree of saturation(S) is the ration of volume of water to the volume of voids.

Q-12: What is the relationship between void ratio and porosity?

Q-13: How would you calculate the moisture content of a soil mass?

Answer: Moisture content is defined as the ratio of weight of water to the weight of soil solids.

Q-14: What is unit weight of soil?

Answer: Unit weight is defined as the weight per unit Volume.

Q-16: What is Density?

Answer: Mass per unit volume is defined as density of soil mass.

Q-17: Draw a typical phase relationship diagram.

Q-18: What are the four states of soil?

Answer: Solid,semi-solid,plastic and liquid.

Q-19: What is Shrinkage Limit?

Answer: Shrinkage limit is the minimum water content at which the soil mass transfers its state from solid to semi-solid state.

Q-20: What is Plastic Limit?

Answer: Plastic limit is the minimum water content at which the soil mass changes its state from semi-solid to plastic state.

Q-21: What is Liquid Limit?

Answer: Liquid limit is the minimum water content at which the soil mass change its states from plastic limit to liquid limit.

Q-22: What is Flow Index?

Answer: The slope of the flow curve is termed as flow index.

Mathematically,